Alcohol is the substance most frequently abused by children and adolescents in the United States. Approximately one in three high school students reported drinking alcohol (https://nccd.cdc.gov/Youthonline/App/Default.aspx).
Drug and alcohol use are strongly associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in adolescence (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2014).
Adolescent Substance Use in Illinois
The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is a cross sectional, biennial, school-based survey of 9th-12th grade students in the United States that monitors the prevalence of health risk behaviors.
Over half of adolescents surveyed reported using alcohol at least once in their lifetime.
Test your gender bias
In Illinois, males were more likely than females to be currently using alcohol?
Role of Primary Care Providers
Primary care providers are uniquely positioned to impact pediatric substance use by:
- Providing anticipatory guidance for parents and youth
- Screening at least annually
- Motivational Interviewing
Anticipatory guidance for parents
- Explore the family’s value system about alcohol and drug use
- Explore how parents will handle any experimentation by their children
- Create a plan with the parents for when their children may be first exposed to drugs and alcohol with peers
- Strengthen parents’ management skills from reactive behaviors to proactive solutions
Anticipatory guidance for pediatric patients
- Explore the patients’ value system about alcohol and drug use
- Talk about the high incidence of drug and alcohol misuse in childhood and adolescence
- Educate patients about the value of abstinence